Submarine terminal moraines on the continental shelf off NE-Greenland - Implications for late glacial dynamics.

Winkelmann, Daniel, Jokat, W., Jensen, L. and Schenke, H. W. (2010) Submarine terminal moraines on the continental shelf off NE-Greenland - Implications for late glacial dynamics. Quaternary Science Reviews, 29 . pp. 1069-1077. DOI 10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.02.002.

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Favourable sea-ice conditions gave way to an acoustic survey offshore NE Greenland during RV Polarstern ARK-XXIV/3 leg in 2009. The acquired data set clearly depicts sediment ridges in an area of app. 18 × 9 km. The ridges are found in water depths between 270 and 350 m. The sediment ridges are 2.5–9 km long, 50–250 m wide and 5–25 m high. In profile, most of these ridges are characterized by steep slopes towards Northwest and gentle slopes towards Southeast. Their internal structure, imaged by parametric echo-sounding data, shows that they are positive sedimentation features rather than erosive remnant structures. Arcuate shape, joint orientation and position on a basal till are indicative for end moraines. Because they are positioned within the Westwind Trough on a basal till that extends further east, we consider these ridges end moraines of the Westwind ice stream reported by Evans et al. (2009), Marine geophysical evidence for former expansion and flow of the Greenland Ice Sheet across the north-east Greenland continental shelf. Journal of Quaternary Science (2008), doi: 10.1002/jqs.1231.). Based on our hydro-acoustic data, we interpret these end moraines to be formed by short-lived re-advances during an overall recession of the ice margin. However, they could also be deposited during halts of the grounding line (comparable to De Geer moraines) though their morphological characteristics are slightly different from most published De Geer moraines. The ages for the moraine deposition can be inferred from a thin sedimentary drape indicating timing between Lateglacial and early Holocene. This set of end moraines is direct evidence for a dynamic behaviour of the marine-based ice stream during the last deglaciation on the NE Greenland shelf.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: submarine terminal moraines, continental shelf, NE Greenland, ARK-XXIV/3
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.02.002
ISSN: 0277-3791
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2010 10:12
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2019 23:56

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