Potential climatic transitions with profound impact on Europe - Review of the current state of six 'tipping elements of the climate system'
Levermann, A.nders, Bamber, Jonathan L., Drijfhout, Sybren, Ganopolski, Andrey, Haeberli, Winfreid, Harris, Neil R. P., Huss, Matthias, Krüger, Kirstin, Lenton, Timothy M., Lindsay, Ronald W., Notz, Dirk, Wadhams, Peter and Weber, Susanne (2012) Potential climatic transitions with profound impact on Europe - Review of the current state of six 'tipping elements of the climate system' Climatic Change, 110 (3-4). pp. 845-878. DOI 10.1007/s10584-011-0126-5. Date online first: June 2011
levermann_bamber11.pdf - Published Version
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We discuss potential transitions of six climatic subsystems with large-scale impact on Europe, sometimes denoted as tipping elements. These are the ice sheets on Greenland and West Antarctica, the Atlantic thermohaline circulation, Arctic sea ice, Alpine glaciers and northern hemisphere stratospheric ozone. Each system is represented by co-authors actively publishing in the corresponding field. For each subsystem we summarize themechanism of a potential transition in a warmer climate along with its impact on Europe and assess the likelihood for such a transition
based on published scientific literature. As a summary, the ‘tipping’ potential for each system is provided as a function of global mean temperature increase which
required some subjective interpretation of scientific facts by the authors and should be considered as a snapshot of our current understanding.
|Keywords:||Meteorology; Climatology; climate; STRATOSPHERIC WATER-VAPOR; SEA-LEVEL RISE; ANTARCTIC ICE-SHEET; ATLANTIC THERMOHALINE CIRCULATION; MERIDIONAL OVERTURNING CIRCULATION; GLACIER MASS BALANCES; WEST ANTARCTICA; THWAITES GLACIERS; OCEAN CIRCULATION; OZONE DEPLETION|
|Research affiliation:||OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-ME Maritime Meteorology|
|Date Deposited:||09 Dec 2010 13:59|
|Last Modified:||29 Nov 2012 10:38|
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