Monitoring the integrated deep meridional flow in the tropical North Atlantic: Long-term performance of a geostrophic array.

Kanzow, Torsten, Send, Uwe, Zenk, Walter, Chave, A. and Rhein, M. (2006) Monitoring the integrated deep meridional flow in the tropical North Atlantic: Long-term performance of a geostrophic array. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 53 (3). pp. 528-546. DOI 10.1016/j.dsr.2005.12.007.

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Abstract

As a component of the meridional overturning variability experiment in the tropical North Atlantic, a four-year-long time series of meridional transport of North Atlantic deep water has been obtained from moored end point measurements of density and bottom pressure. This study presents a quality assessment of the measurement elements. Rigorous pre- and post- deployment in situ calibration of the density sensors and subsequent data processing establish an accuracy of O(1.5 Sv) in internal transport in the 1200–5000 dbar range at subinertial time scales. A similar accuracy is reached in the bottom pressure-derived external transport fluctuations. However, for pressure, variability with periods longer than a deployment's duration (presently about one year) is not measurable. This effect is demonstrated using numerical simulations and a possible solution for detecting long-term external transport changes is presented.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Oceanography; Geostrophic transport; Time series; Bottom pressure; Density; Meridional overturning circulation
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-PO Physical Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.dsr.2005.12.007
ISSN: 0967-0637
Projects: CLIVAR
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2010 09:27
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2017 10:30
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/10602

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