Sediment transport and turbidite architecture in the submarine Dakar Canyon off Senegal, NW-Africa.

Pierau, Roberto, Henrich, Rüdiger, Preiß-Daimler, Inga, Krastel, Sebastian and Geersen, Jacob (2011) Sediment transport and turbidite architecture in the submarine Dakar Canyon off Senegal, NW-Africa. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 60 (3). pp. 196-208. DOI 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2011.02.010.

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Abstract

The submarine Dakar Canyon incises the continental margin at the transition of the hyperarid Sahara to
the semiarid Sahel Zone, and acts as an effective pathway for gravity-driven sediment transport. Four
gravity cores recovered directly from the canyon axis were investigated in order to reconstruct the sedimentation
processes in the Dakar Canyon during the Late Quaternary. In addition, a hemipelagic record
from the northern levee of the canyon was analysed for monitoring background sediment supply, which
is dominated by dust input in the area. Coarse terrigenous silt size data and high Ti/Ca ratios reflect overall
increased higher dust supply during the last two peak glacials. During these times wide-extensive
sand sea covered the exposed shelf almost completely. However, in interglacial periods wind stress
diminished considerably and only minor amounts of dust were supplied to the outer shelf and continental
slope. Two major periods of turbidite depositions are recorded in intervals from final glacial sea level
lowstands to early deglacial sea level rise of the last two glacial/interglacial cycles (i.e. between 141 and
131 kyr BP and from 23.2 to 14.2 kyr BP). These turbidite deposits consist of sandy to silty sediments.
Detailed grain size analyses were used to reconstruct the sedimentary characteristics and flow processes
of these turbidity currents. A much higher frequency in turbidite activity occur around 135 kyr BP in contrast
to the second interval around 18 kyr BP, suggesting a higher sediment budget in the source area.
Based on the sedimentological investigation of the turbidites we provide a schematic model for the sedimentation
processes in the Dakar Canyon.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Sedimentology; Submarine Dakar Canyon ; sedimentation processes ; Turbidity currents ; NW-Africa ; Sea-level
Research affiliation: OceanRep > SFB 574 > A1
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R06
OceanRep > SFB 574
Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-JRG-B4 Submarine Hazards
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2011.02.010
ISSN: 1464-343X
Projects: Future Ocean, SFB574
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2011 09:25
Last Modified: 31 May 2017 11:41
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/11785

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