Moho topography and subducting oceanic slab of the Chilean continental margin in the maximum slip segment of the 1960 Mw 9.5 Valdivia (Chile) earthquake from P-receiver functions.

Dzierma, Yvonne, Thorwart, Martin and Rabbel, Wolfgang (2012) Moho topography and subducting oceanic slab of the Chilean continental margin in the maximum slip segment of the 1960 Mw 9.5 Valdivia (Chile) earthquake from P-receiver functions. Tectonophysics, 530/531 . pp. 180-192. DOI 10.1016/j.tecto.2011.12.016.

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Abstract

The maximum slip area of the 1960 Mw 9.5 Valdivia (Chile) earthquake has been investigated down to 100 km depth by a receiver function survey along two trench-perpendicular profiles at 39.3° and 39.5°S. The data are compared with seismicity and local earthquake tomography. We find a slab of ca. 35° dip at depths similar to what is observed to the north and south of the study area. The slab and the overlying mantle wedge show a local decrease in seismic velocities possibly caused by hydration or underplating of sediments. The presence of hydrated or sedimentary rocks would reduce plate coupling in this region in agreement with recent GPS measurements. The Moho is found at depths of 30 to 40 km deepening from the coast to the Andes. The Moho topography is close to isostatic equilibrium. Under the volcanic centre of Villarrica, Quetrupillán and Lanín the Moho conversion occurs about 10 km shallower than expected for a standard isostatic model. This can be explained by a density reduction in the lower crust due to magmatic processes or by non-compensated stress.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Geodynamics; Geophysics; Receiver function; 1960 Valdivia earthquake; Subduction zones; South-central Chile; Moho topography
Research affiliation: Kiel University
OceanRep > SFB 574
OceanRep > SFB 574 > A2
UNSPECIFIED
Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.tecto.2011.12.016
ISSN: 0040-1951
Contribution Number:
ProjectNumber
SFB 574217
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2011 08:53
Last Modified: 29 May 2013 09:11
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/11953

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