Non-native marine invertebrates are more tolerant towards environmental stress than taxonomically related native species: Results from a globally replicated study.

Lenz, Mark, da Gama, Bernardo A.P., Gerner, Nadine V., Gobin, Judith, Gröner, Frederike, Harry, Anil, Jenkins, Stuart R., Kraufvelin, Patrik, Mummelthei, Corinna, Sareyka, Jörg, Xavier, Eduardo A. and Wahl, Martin (2011) Non-native marine invertebrates are more tolerant towards environmental stress than taxonomically related native species: Results from a globally replicated study. Environmental Research, 111 (7, SI). pp. 943-952. DOI 10.1016/j.envres.2011.05.001.

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Abstract

To predict the risk associated with future introductions, ecologists seek to identify traits that determine the invasiveness of species. Among numerous designated characteristics, tolerance towards environmental stress is one of the most favored. However, there is little empirical support for the assumption that non-native species generally cope better with temporarily unfavorable conditions than native species. To test this concept, we ran five pairwise comparisons between native and non-native marine invertebrates at temperate, subtropical, and tropical sites. We included (natives named first) six bivalves: Brachidontes exustus and Perna viridis, P. perna and Isognomon bicolor, Saccostrea glomerata and Crassostrea gigas, two ascidians: Diplosoma listerianum and Didemnum vexillum as well as two crustaceans: Gammarus zaddachi and G. tigrinus. We simulated acute fluctuations in salinity, oxygen concentration, and temperature, while we measured respiration and survival rates. Under stressful conditions, non-native species consistently showed less pronounced deviations from their normal respiratory performance than their native counterparts. We suggest that this indicates that they have a wider tolerance range. Furthermore, they also revealed higher survival rates under stress. Thus, stress tolerance seems to be a property of successful invaders and could therefore be a useful criterion for screening profiles and risk assessment protocols.
Highlights
► Non-native species showed higher survival rates in the face of stress than native. ► Respiratory performance under stress was closer to normal in non-native species. ► Strong evidence for stress tolerance as a general trait of non-native species. ► Robust results due to a global-scale, modular experimental approach.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Benthic Ecology; Stress tolerance; Survival; Respiration; Native species; Non-native species
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-B Experimental Ecology - Benthic Ecology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.envres.2011.05.001
ISSN: 0013-9351
Projects: GAME, Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2011 10:47
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2018 13:01
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/12052

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