Variability and propagation of Labrador Sea Water in the southern subpolar North Atlantic.

Kieke, Dagmar, Klein, Birgit, Stramma, Lothar , Rhein, Monika and Koltermann, K. P. (2009) Variability and propagation of Labrador Sea Water in the southern subpolar North Atlantic. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 56 . pp. 1656-1674. DOI 10.1016/j.dsr.2009.05.010.

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The variability of two modes of Labrador Sea Water (LSW) (upper and deep Labrador Sea Water) and their respective spreading in the interior North Atlantic Ocean are investigated by means of repeated ship surveys carried out along the zonal WOCE line A2/AR19 located at 43–48°N (1993–2007) and along the GOOS line at about 48–51°N (1997–2002). Hydrographic section data are complemented by temperature, salinity, and velocity time series recorded by two moorings. They have been deployed at the western flank of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) in the Newfoundland Basin during 1996–2004. The analysis of hydrographic anomalies at various longitudes points to a gradual eastward propagation of LSW-related signals, which happens on time scales of 3–6 years from the formation region towards the MAR. Interactions of the North Atlantic Current (NAC) with the Deep Western Boundary Current (DWBC) close to Flemish Cap point to the NAC being the main distributor of the different types of LSW into the interior of the Newfoundland Basin. Comparisons between the ship data and the mooring records revealed that the mooring sites are located in a region affected by highly variable flow. The mooring time series demonstrate an elevated level of variability with eddy activity and variability associated with the NAC considerably influencing the LSW signals in this region. Hydrographic data taken from Argo profiles from the vicinity of the mooring sites turned out to mimic quite well the temporal evolution captured by the moorings. There is some indication of occasional southward flow in the LSW layer near the MAR. If this can be considered as a hint to an interior LSW-route, it is at least of minor importance in comparison to the DWBC. It acts as an important supplier for the interior North Atlantic, distributing older and recently formed LSW modes southward along the MAR.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Labradorsee, subpolarer Nordatlantik, Wassermassenausbreitung, Variabilität, tiefer westlicher Randstrom; R.V. Meteor; M59; Subpolar North Atlantic; Ocean circulation; Water mass spreading; Labrador Sea Water; Mid-Atlantic Ridge
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-PO Physical Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.dsr.2009.05.010
ISSN: 0967-0637
Projects: BMBF Nordatlantik, GOOS, ARGO Program
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2009 10:22
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2016 12:58

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