The Sr-Nd-Pb composition of Mesozoic Pacific oceanic crust (Site 1149 and 801, ODP Leg 185): Implications for alteration of ocean crust and the input into the Izu-Bonin-Mariana subduction system.

Hauff, Folkmar , Hoernle, Kaj and Schmidt, Angelika (2003) The Sr-Nd-Pb composition of Mesozoic Pacific oceanic crust (Site 1149 and 801, ODP Leg 185): Implications for alteration of ocean crust and the input into the Izu-Bonin-Mariana subduction system. Open Access Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 4 (8). p. 8913. DOI 10.1029/2002GC000421.

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Abstract

We report Sr, Nd and Pb isotopic compositions of sediments and variably altered igneous rocks from ODP Site 801 (Marianas) and ODP Site 1149 (Izu-Bonin). These Sites provide the most complete drilled ocean crust sections located in front of the Mariana and Izu-Bonin trenches and characterize the unmodified isotopic input into these subduction zones. The subducted ocean crust belongs to the oldest (130–167 Ma) in situ Pacific Ocean crust and thus has end-member character with respect to alteration and sediment load. The lithostratigraphic division of sedimentary units at Site 1149 into clays, cherts, lower clays and carbonates with clay is reflected on isotope correlation diagrams. The Pb isotope data of the sediments show much greater variation than previously reported from this region. Particularly noteworthy are zeolite-bearing clays and clay bearing carbonates from the lower Units that have Pb isotopic compositions identical to the Izu Volcanic Front. The basaltic basement samples display variable 87Sr/86Sr ratios at near constant 143Nd/144Nd ratios, indicating mixing with seawater derived Sr. Most basaltic samples from Site 1149 and 801 exhibit highly variable 206Pb/204Pb (17.88–20.00) at near constant 207Pb/204Pb and 208Pb/204Pb ratios. Three samples from Site 801 display the most extreme 206Pb/204Pb (23.70–26.86) and 207Pb/204Pb (15.73–15.83) ratios ever measured in altered MORB reflecting an increase of 238U/204Pb ratios (μ), most likely through addition of seawater derived U. Initial Pb isotopes of most samples overlap with the age corrected field of the Pacific MORB source, thus the increase in μ took place shortly after formation of the crust in most samples. According to our new isotope data the radiogenic end-member of the Izu arc volcanic rocks could either represent Pb from the lower sediment column released from the slab by delayed dewatering or an integrated slab fluid in which 90–95% of the Pb comes from the basaltic crust and 5–10% of the Pb from the sediments. The Pb isotope systematics of the Mariana arc output suggest two component mixing. Both components appear to be input derived with the radiogenic component represented by average Site 801 sediment and the unradiogenic component generated by mixing of ∼80% unaltered crust with ∼20% highly altered crust.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Subduction factory; Ocean Drilling Program; Leg 185; Izu-Mariana; Sr-Nd-Pb-isotopes; seafloor alteration
Research affiliation: OceanRep > SFB 574
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS
OceanRep > SFB 574 > C2
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1029/2002GC000421
ISSN: 1525-2027
Contribution Number:
ProjectNumber
SFB 57419
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2010 11:49
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2019 20:55
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/1211

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