Induction and reduction of Anti-Herbivore defenses in brown and red macroalgae off the Kenyan Coast.

Ceh, Janja, Molis, Markus, Dzeha, Thomas M. and Wahl, Martin (2005) Induction and reduction of Anti-Herbivore defenses in brown and red macroalgae off the Kenyan Coast. Journal of Phycology, 41 (4). pp. 726-731. DOI 10.1111/j.1529-8817.2005.00093.x.

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Abstract

Herbivory is particularly intense in tropical benthic communities, suggesting preference of constitutive, rather than inducible, anti-herbivory defense. The objective of the study was to examine whether anti-herbivore defenses in the red alga Hypnea pannosa J. Agardh and the brown algae Sargassum asperifolium Hering and G. Martens ex J. Agardh and Cystoseira myrica (S.G. Gmelin) C. Agardh could be induced and subsequently reduced in response to grazing by the amphipod Cymadusa filosa Savigny. During a 14-day treatment phase, algae were exposed to amphipod grazing or were left ungrazed (control). Subsequently, one subset of algae was used in feeding assays, whereas another was cultivated for additional 14 days without consumers (recovery phase). At the end of each phase, bioassays were conducted to detect defensive traits in terms of differences in consumption rates of grazed and control pieces of live algae and agar-based food containing nonpolar algal extracts. Consumption of grazed live S. asperifolium and H. pannosa specimens was lower than of control algae. Furthermore, nonpolar extracts of grazed S. asperifolium and C. myrica were less preferred than those from control algae. Defensive responses were exclusively detected after the treatment phase, although strong preference of ungrazed H. pannosa and C. myrica over grazed conspecifics continued throughout the recovery phase. These findings suggest that phenotypic plasticity in anti-herbivory defense of marine macroalgae 1) might be more common than previously shown, 2) could be switched on and off within 2 weeks, and 3) can be found in nonpolar algal extracts.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Benthic Ecology; alga–animal interaction; amphipods; Kenya; macroalgae; mesograzer
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-B Experimental Ecology - Benthic Ecology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1111/j.1529-8817.2005.00093.x
ISSN: 0022-3646
Projects: GAME
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2011 07:32
Last Modified: 30 May 2018 10:23
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/12128

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