Acidification increases microbial polysaccharide degradation in the ocean.

Piontek, Judith, Lunau, M., Händel, N., Borchard, Corinna, Wurst, M. and Engel, Anja (2010) Acidification increases microbial polysaccharide degradation in the ocean. Open Access Biogeosciences (BG), 7 (5). pp. 1615-1624. DOI 10.5194/bg-7-1615-2010.

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With the accumulation of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2), a proceeding decline in seawater pH has been induced that is referred to as ocean acidification. The ocean's capacity for CO2 storage is strongly affected by biological processes, whose feedback potential is difficult to evaluate. The main source of CO2 in the ocean is the decomposition and subsequent respiration of organic molecules by heterotrophic bacteria. However, very little is known about potential effects of ocean acidification on bacterial degradation activity. This study reveals that the degradation of polysaccharides, a major component of marine organic matter, by bacterial extracellular enzymes was significantly accelerated during experimental simulation of ocean acidification. Results were obtained from pH perturbation experiments, where rates of extracellular α- and β-glucosidase were measured and the loss of neutral and acidic sugars from phytoplankton-derived polysaccharides was determined. Our study suggests that a faster bacterial turnover of polysaccharides at lowered ocean pH has the potential to reduce carbon export and to enhance the respiratory CO2 production in the future ocean.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Marine Biology; ocean acidification; bacterial degradation activity
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.5194/bg-7-1615-2010
ISSN: 1726-4170
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2011 12:38
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2020 08:54

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