Spatio-temporal evolution of the West African monsoon during the last deglaciation.

Weldeab, Syee, Frank, Martin , Stichel, Torben, Haley, Brian and Sangen, Mark (2011) Spatio-temporal evolution of the West African monsoon during the last deglaciation. Open Access Geophysical Research Letters, 38 (13). L13703. DOI 10.1029/2011GL047805.

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On the basis of a multi-proxy data set from the Gulf of Guinea (eastern equatorial Atlantic) we reconstruct the spatio-temporal evolution of the West African monsoon (WAM) and present evidence for a decoupling between latitudinal shifts of the rain belt and WAM intensification. The onset of deglacial monsoon invigoration at ∼16,600 years before present lagged northward migration of a weak rainfall zone by ∼2800 years. Conversely, during the Younger Dryas (YD) time interval, WAM precipitation was severely reduced but we find no evidence for a large-scale retreat of the rainfall front. This observation is not in agreement with the hypothesis of a large-scale shift of the intertropical convergence zone south of the tropical WAM region during the YD. Our results can be better reconciled with the newly emerging concept of a strong influence of Tropical Easterly and African Easterly Jets on modern WAM.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Climatology; Geochemistry; ITCZ; Rainfall shift; Sr and Nd isotopes; West African monsoon; deglaciation; paleoclimate
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1029/2011GL047805
ISSN: 0094-8276
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2011 08:20
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2017 08:57

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