Depth attenuation of organic matter export associated with jelly falls.

Lebrato, Mario, Pahlow, Markus, Oschlies, Andreas , Pitt, K. A., Jones, D. O. B., Molinero, Juan Carlos and Condon, R. H. (2011) Depth attenuation of organic matter export associated with jelly falls. Open Access Limnology and Oceanography, 56 . pp. 1917-1928. DOI 10.4319/lo.2011.56.5.1917.

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Abstract

We explore the attenuation in the export ratio of jelly-POM (particulate organic matter) with depth as a function of the decay rate, temperature, and sedimentation rate. Using data from the Vertical Transport In the Global Ocean project, we compare ratios computed with the Martin-curve, with a particle-based parameterization, and with sediment-trap data. Owing to the temperature dependence of the decay rate (Q10 5 4.28), the jelly-POM export ratio below 500m is 2045% larger in subpolar and temperate areas than in the tropics. Vertical migration of gelatinous zooplankton leads to a variable starting depth of a jelly fall (death depth), which governs the start of remineralization, and the fate of the biomass. Owing to the absence of observations, we employ a sinking speed matrix ranging from 100 m d21 to 1500 m d21 to represent slow- and fast-sinking carcasses. The assumption of a constant decay rate k independent of temperature in other particle-based models may not be appropriate. These results provide information for including jelly-POM in global biogeochemical model formulations.

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/211384
Keywords: Food Webs; Biogeochemistry; limnology; oceanography
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-N Experimental Ecology - Food Webs
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BM Biogeochemical Modeling
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.4319/lo.2011.56.5.1917
ISSN: 0024-3590
Projects: EPOCA, Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2011 14:49
Last Modified: 02 May 2017 13:19
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/12648

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