Bromoform and dibromomethane above the Mauritanian upwelling: Atmospheric distributions and oceanic emissions.

Quack, Birgit, Atlas, E., Petrick, Gert and Wallace, Douglas W.R. (2007) Bromoform and dibromomethane above the Mauritanian upwelling: Atmospheric distributions and oceanic emissions. Open Access Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 112 . D09312. DOI 10.1029/2006JD007614.

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Abstract

Natural sources of bromoform (CHBr3) and dibromomethane (CH2Br2), including oceanic emissions, contribute to stratospheric and tropospheric O3 depletion. Convective transport over tropical oceans could deliver large amounts of these short-lived organic bromine species to the upper atmosphere. High mixing ratios of atmospheric CHBr3 in air masses from the northwest African coast have been hypothesized to originate from the biologically active Mauritanian upwelling. During a cruise into the upwelling source region in spring 2005 the atmospheric mixing ratios of the brominated compounds CHBr3 and CH2Br2 were found to be elevated above the marine background and comparable to measurements in other coastal regions. The shelf waters were identified as a source of both compounds for the atmosphere. The calculated sea-to-air emissions support the hypothesis of a strong upwelling source for reactive organic bromine. However, calculated emissions were not sufficient to explain the elevated concentrations observed in the coastal atmosphere. Other strong sources that could contribute to the large atmospheric mixing ratios previously observed over the Atlantic Ocean must exist within or near West Africa.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Oceanography; oceanic emissions, reactive bromine, Mauritanian upwelling; ocean-atmosphere interaction; atmosphere; POS320; POSEIDON
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-CH Chemical Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1029/2006JD007614
ISSN: 2169-8996
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2009 17:28
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 12:16
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/1334

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