Particle flux, and composition of sedimenting matter, in the Greenland Sea.

Bauerfeind, E., Bodungen, B. V., Arndt, K. and Koeve, Wolfgang (1994) Particle flux, and composition of sedimenting matter, in the Greenland Sea. Journal of Marine Systems, 5 (6). pp. 411-423. DOI 10.1016/0924-7963(94)90005-1.

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Abstract

Vertical flux of particulate material was recorded with moored sediment traps during 1988/1989 in the Greenland Sea at 72 degrees N, 10 degrees W. This region exhibits pronounced seasonal variability in ice cover. Annual fluxes at 500 m water depth were 22.79, 8.55, 2.39, 3.81 and 0.51 g m(-2) for total flux (dry weight), carbonate, particulate biogenic silicate, particulate organic carbon and nitrogen, respectively. Fluxes increased in April, maximum rates of all compounds occurred in May-June, and consistently high total flux rates of around 100 mg m(-2)d(-1) prevailed during the summer. The increasing flux of biogenic particles measured in April is indicative of an early onset of algal growth in spring. Small pennate diatoms dominated in the trap collections during April, and were still numerous during the high flux period when Thalassiosira species were the most abundant diatoms. During May-June, up to 22% of the Thalassiosira cells collected were viable-looking cells. The faecal pellet flux increased after the May-June event. Therefore we conclude that the diatoms settled as phytodetritus, most likely in rapidly sinking aggregates. From seasonal nutrient profiles it is concluded that diatoms contribute 25% to new production during spring and 50% on an annual basis. More than 50% of newly produced silicate particles are dissolved above the 500 m horizon. High new production during spring does not lead to a pronounced sedimentation pulse of organic matter during spring but elavated vertical export is observed during the entire growth period

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Biological Oceanography; R.V. Meteor
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BI Biological Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/0924-7963(94)90005-1
ISSN: 0924-7963
Projects: SFB313
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2012 12:08
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2017 06:56
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/13660

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