Vertical distribution and dietary preferences of deep-sea copepods (Euchaetidae and Aetideidae; Calanoida) in the vicinity of the Antarctic Polar Front.

Laakmann, S., Stumpp, Meike and Auel, H. (2009) Vertical distribution and dietary preferences of deep-sea copepods (Euchaetidae and Aetideidae; Calanoida) in the vicinity of the Antarctic Polar Front. Polar Biology, 32 . pp. 679-689. DOI 10.1007/s00300-008-0573-2.

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Abstract

Four Paraeuchaeta species and three aetideids were frequently encountered along 51°30′S in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. Paraeuchaeta antarctica was most abundant close to the Antarctic Polar Front. Within the genera Paraeuchaeta and Gaetanus, congeners usually partitioned the water column. Euchaetidae had high lipid (≤37% dry mass, DM in adult females) and wax ester contents (≤22% DM). Fatty acid composition of Paraeuchaeta spp. was dominated by monounsaturated moieties, especially 16:1(n-7) and 18:1(n-9), while fatty alcohols were mainly saturated. Surprisingly, only the bathypelagic P. barbata contained moderate amounts of 20:1(n-9) and 22:1(n-11) fatty acids (≤14%) and high levels of the respective fatty alcohols (≤50%), generally considered trophic biomarkers for calanid copepods as prey. Thus, herbivorous calanid copepods seem to be a readily available prey source at bathypelagic depths, indicating that their seasonal vertical migration provides a “trophic shortcut” from primary production at the surface to the interior of the ocean. Aetideidae also contained substantial levels of total lipid (14–36% DM), but wax esters contributed only up to 12% DM in copepodite stages C5 of Gaetanus spp., whereas other stages of Gaetanus and Aetideopsis minor only contained ≤6% DM of wax esters. The fatty acid compositions of Aetideidae were more balanced with 16:0, 18:1(n-9), 20:5(n-3), and 22:6(n-3) as important components, indicating a generally omnivorous feeding behaviour.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Euchaetidae; Aetideidae; Paraeuchaeta; Pareuchaeta; Euchaeta; Gaetanus; Aetideopsis; Southern Ocean; South Atlantic; Antarctic; Lipid composition; Fatty acid; Trophic biomarker; Vertical distribution; Abundance; Partitioning
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1007/s00300-008-0573-2
ISSN: 0722-4060
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2010 14:09
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2019 11:08
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/1391

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