Primary production and carbon export rates across the subpolar North Atlantic Ocean basin based on triple oxygen isotope and dissolved O2 and Ar gas measurements.

Quay, P., Stutsman, J. and Steinhoff, Tobias (2012) Primary production and carbon export rates across the subpolar North Atlantic Ocean basin based on triple oxygen isotope and dissolved O2 and Ar gas measurements. Open Access Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 26 (2). GB2003. DOI 10.1029/2010GB004003.

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Abstract

Gross photosynthetic O2 production (GOP) rates in the subpolar North Atlantic Ocean were estimated using the measured isotopic composition of dissolved oxygen in the surface layer on samples collected on nine transits of a container ship between Great Britain and Canada during March 2007 to June 2008. The mean basin-wide GOP rate of 226 ± 48 mmol O2 m−2 d−1 during summer was double the winter rate of 107 ± 41 mmol O2 m−2 d−1. Converting these GOP rates to equivalent 14C-based PP (14C-PPeqv) yielded rates of 1005 ± 216 and 476 ± 183 mg C m−2 d−1 in summer and winter, respectively, that generally agreed well with previous 14C-based PP estimates in the region. The 14C-PPeqv estimates were 1–1.6× concurrent satellite-based PP estimates along the cruise track. A net community production rate (NCP) of 87 ± 12 mmol O2 m−2 d−1 (62 ± 9 mmol C m−2 d−1) and NCP/GOP of 0.35 ± 0.06 in the mixed layer was estimated from O2/Ar and 17Δ measurements (61°N 26°W) during spring bloom conditions in May 2008. Contrastingly, a much lower long-term annual mean NCP or organic carbon export rate of 2.8 ± 2.7 mol C m−2 yr−1 (8 ± 7 mmol C m−2 d−1) and NCP/GOP of 0.07 ± 0.06 at the winter mixed layer depth was estimated from 15 years of surface O2 data in the subpolar N. Atlantic collected during the CARINA program.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Meereswissenschaften; Biological Oceanography; Marine chemistry; Biogeochemistry; Photosynthesis, carbon, Atlantic Ocean, isotopes
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-CH Chemical Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1029/2010GB004003
ISSN: 0886-6236
Projects: CARBOOCEAN, Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2012 09:32
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2018 13:20
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/14257

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