Tropical impact on the East Asian winter monsoon.

Gollan, Gereon , Greatbatch, Richard John and Jung, Thomas (2012) Tropical impact on the East Asian winter monsoon. Open Access Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (17). L17801. DOI 10.1029/2012GL052978.

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Abstract

The tropical impact on the East Asian winter monsoon (EAWM) is examined in an ensemble of atmospheric general circulation model runs that use relaxation towards the ERA-40 reanalysis in the tropics for winters between 1960/61 and 2001/02 and performed with a recent version of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts model. 25% of the interannual variance of the EAWM can be reproduced in the ensemble mean by the model experiments with relaxation, even though the influence from ENSO appears to be weak. The implication is that there is the possibility of enhanced predictability for the EAWM resulting from improved forecast skill in the tropics as a whole. Prescribing observed sea surface temperature and sea ice without using relaxation cannot reproduce the interannual variability of the EAWM in our experiments, questioning the usefulness of uncoupled atmosphere models in this region, consistent with previous studies.

Key Points:
- Tropical impact on interannual variability of the East Asian winter monsoon.
- Tropical influence and extratropical SST and sea-ice matter for the trend.
- AGCMs driven only by observed SST and sea-ice give poor results.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Monsoon; CLIMATE; VARIABILITY; PREDICTABILITY; ASSOCIATION; REANALYSIS; EVOLUTION; PACIFIC
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-TM Theory and Modeling
AWI
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1029/2012GL052978
ISSN: 0094-8276
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2012 12:09
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2017 07:19
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/15140

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