Contrasting compositional trends of rocks and olivine-hosted melt inclusions from Cerro Negro volcano (Central America): Implications for decompression-driven fractionation of hydrous magmas.

Portnyagin, Maxim, Hoernle, Kaj and Mironov, Nikita (2012) Contrasting compositional trends of rocks and olivine-hosted melt inclusions from Cerro Negro volcano (Central America): Implications for decompression-driven fractionation of hydrous magmas. [Poster] In: The Lübeck Retreat, Collaborative Research SFB 574 Volatiles and Fluids in Subduction Zones: Climate Feedback and Trigger Mechanisms for Natural Disasters. , 23.-25.05.2012, Lübeck . The Lübeck Retreat: final colloquium of SFB 574; May 23-25, 2012: program & abstracts. ; p. 24 .

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Abstract

Melt inclusions in olivine Fo83-72 from tephras of 1867, 1971 and 1992 eruptions of Cerro Negro
volcano represent a series of basaltic to andesitic melts of narrow range of MgO (5.6-8 wt%) formed
by ~46 wt% fractional crystallization of olivine (~6 wt%), plagioclase (~27 wt%), pyroxene (~13 wt%)
and magnetite (<1 wt%) from primitive basaltic melt (average SiO2=49 wt%, MgO=7.6 wt%, H2O=6
wt%) as it ascended to the surface from the depth of about 14 km. The crystallization occurred at
increasing liquidus temperature from 1050 to 1090 oC in the pressure range from 400 to 50 MPa and
was induced by release of mixed H2O-CO2 fluid from the melt at decreasing pressure. Matrix glass
compositions fall at the high-Si end of the melt inclusion trend and represent the final stage of melt
crystallization during and after eruption. The bulk compositions of erupted Cerro Negro magmas
(tephras and lavas) range from high- to low MgO (3-10 wt%) basalts, which form a compositional
array crossing the trend of melt inclusions so that virtually no rock from Cerro Negro has composition
akin to true melt represented by the inclusions. The variations of the bulk magma (rocks) and melt
(melt inclusions) compositions can be generated in a dyke connecting deep primitive magma reservoir
with the Cerro Negro edifice. While the melt inclusions represent the compositional trend of
instantaneous melts along the magma pathway at decreasing pressure and H2O content, occurrence
of low-Mg to high-Mg basalts reflect the process of phenocryst re-distribution in progressively evolving
melt. The crystallization scenario is anticipated to operate everywhere in dykes feeding basaltic
volcanoes and can explain the predominance of plagioclase-rich high-Al basalts in island arc as well
as typical compositional variations of magmas during single eruptions.

Document Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Keywords: Geodynamics
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS
OceanRep > SFB 574 > C2
OceanRep > SFB 574
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2012 10:20
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2012 12:17
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/15282

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