Suspended particulate matter on the Laptev Sea shelf (Siberian Arctic) during ice-free conditions.

Wegner, Carolyn, Hoelemann, Jens A. , Dmitrenko, Igor, Kirillov, Sergey, Tuschling, Kirsten, Abramova, Ekaterina and Kassens, Heidemarie (2003) Suspended particulate matter on the Laptev Sea shelf (Siberian Arctic) during ice-free conditions. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 57 (1-2). pp. 55-64. DOI 10.1016/S0272-7714(02)00328-1.

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Abstract

Optical turbidity surveys combined with pigment, plankton, and current measurements were used to investigate the vertical and horizontal dynamics of suspended particulate matter (SPM) in the Laptev Sea, one of the largest Siberian shelf seas, during the ice-free period. Optical measuring devices prove to be an excellent tool to measure SPM distribution in real time. SPM concentrations were quantified owing to the high correlation of water samples and optical backscatter. Thus, the formation and distribution of the bottom nepheloid layer, a layer of increased SPM concentration, and its significance for the sediment transport on the Laptev Sea shelf can be described.

Two nepheloid layers exist in the eastern and central Laptev Sea. Formation and concentration of the surface layer are mainly related to the amount of phytoplankton and zooplankton occurrence. However, in the vicinity of the Lena Delta, the concentration is strongly dependent on riverine discharge. The bottom nepheloid layer is suggested to develop during and briefly after the spring breakup, when about 60% of the mean annual sediment input is discharged onto the shelf. SPM spreads over the shelf and is kept in suspension within the bottom layer. Especially during the ice-free period, almost no sedimentation takes place. However, bottom material is resuspended due to wind-induced increased bottom currents, mainly in paleo-river valleys and on shoals. Valleys act as transport conduits during the ice-free period and SPM is shifted within them. An intermediate layer near Stolbovoy Bank is probably caused by the displacement of the bottom layer from the topographic highs into the valleys. The combined turbidity and current measurements indicate that most of the sediment transport on the Laptev Sea shelf takes place in the bottom nepheloid layer.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000184500300005
Keywords: Siberian Arctic; Laptev Sea; Suspended Optical backscatter; Internal waves; Sediments; Canyon
Research affiliation: AWI
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/S0272-7714(02)00328-1
ISSN: 0272-7714
Projects: Laptev Sea System, Permafrost
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2008 13:56
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2016 10:17
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/1530

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