Infilling and flooding of the Mekong River incised valley during deglacial sea-level rise.

Tjallingii, Rik, Stattegger, K., Wetzel, A. and Phung, V. P. (2010) Infilling and flooding of the Mekong River incised valley during deglacial sea-level rise. Quaternary Science Reviews, 29 (11-12). pp. 1432-1444. DOI 10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.02.022.

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Abstract

The abrupt transition from fluvial to marine deposition of incised-valley-fill sediments retrieved from the southeast Vietnamese shelf, accurately records the postglacial transgression after 14 ka before present (BP). Valley-filling sediments consist of fluvial mud, whereas sedimentation after the transgression is characterized by shallow-marine carbonate sands. This change in sediment composition is accurately marked in high-resolution x-ray fluorescence (XRF) core scanning records. Rapid aggradation of fluvial sediments at the river mouth nearly completely filled the Mekong incised valley prior to flooding. However, accumulation rates strongly reduced in the valley after the river-mouth system flooded and stepped back. This also affected the sediment supply to deeper parts of the southeast Vietnamese shelf. Comparison of the Mekong valley-filling with the East Asian sea-level history of sub- and inter-tidal sediment records shows that the transgressive surface preserved in the incised-valley-fill records is a robust sea-level indicator. The valley was nearly completely filled with fluvial sediments between 13.0 and 9.5 ka BP when sea-level rose rather constantly with approximately 10 mm/yr, as indicated by the East Asian sea-level record. At shallower parts of the shelf, significant sediment reworking and the establishment of estuarine conditions at the final stage of infilling complicates accurate dating of the transgressive surface. Nevertheless, incised-valley-fill records and land-based drill sites indicate a vast and rapid flooding of the shelf from the location of the modern Vietnamese coastline to the Cambodian lowlands between 9.5 ka and 8.5 ka BP. Fast flooding of this part of the shelf is related with the low shelf gradient and a strong acceleration of the East Asian sea-level rise from 34 to 9 meter below modern sea level (mbsl) corresponding to the sea-level jump of melt water pulse (MWP) 1C. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: radiocarbon age calibration acropora-palmata framework intertidal mangrove peat labor ams facility cal kyr bp southern vietnam c-14 dates sedimentary facies holocene evolution late pleistocene
Research affiliation: Kiel University
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.02.022
ISSN: 0277-3791
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2011 05:01
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2012 10:00
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/15719

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