Haemoglobin and size dependent constraints on swimbladder inflation in fish larvae.

Busse, K., Beeck, P., Bott, U., Grube, W., Möser, T., Perry, S., Sloman, W., Ueberschär, Bernd and Valdebenito, I. (2006) Haemoglobin and size dependent constraints on swimbladder inflation in fish larvae. Open Access Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft für Ichthyologie, 5 . pp. 35-53.

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In developmental studies of fish species (especially physostomians) it could be demonstrated,
that the lack of haemoglobin during larval and juvenile stages is a relatively common phenomenon.
Generally it is linked with body translucency. In representatives of the families Galaxiidae,
Osmeridae and Clupeidae, partly reared, partly observed immediately after being caught in the wild, it
turned out, that this condition coincides with a considerable delay in swimbladder inflation. To determine
the moment of its first inflation, larvae placed in a hermetic chamber were observed under a
dissecting microscope. While lowering the pressure, the expanding swimbladder showed whether or
not its content is really gaseous. The reason postulated to be responsible for the delayed inflation is
that larvae lacking haemoglobin do not have the possibility of oxygen transport to their buoyancy
organ by means of the blood. Apart of this, capillarity force calculations and body force estimations
show that with decreasing size the constraints linked with surface tension increase overproportionally.
While in larger sized larvae like trout we could demonstrate inflation by swallowing air, in species with
small larvae this was not the case. Below a certain size, even in physostomians, the ductus pneumaticus
is no alternative to the blood pathway for swimbladder inflation.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Ichthyology; swimbladder, haemoglobin, surface tension, fish larvae, translucency syndrome, whitebait stage, critical life stages
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EV Marine Evolutionary Ecology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2008 16:50
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2019 15:50
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/1572

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