ITCZ rather than ENSO signature for abrupt climate changes across the tropical Pacific?.

Leduc, G., Vidal, L., Tachikawa, K. and Bard, E. (2009) ITCZ rather than ENSO signature for abrupt climate changes across the tropical Pacific?. Quaternary Research, 72 (1). pp. 123-131. DOI 10.1016/j.yqres.2009.03.006.

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Abstract

Latitudinal movements of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), analogous to its present-day seasonal shifts, and El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO)-type variability both potentially impacted rainfall changes at the millennial timescale during the last glacial period. In this study we compare tropical Pacific sedimentary records of paleoprecipitation to decipher which climate mechanism was responsible for the past rainfall changes. We find that latitudinal movements of the ITCZ are consistent with the observed rainfall patterns, challenging the ENSO hypothesis for explaining the rapid rainfall changes at low latitudes. The ITCZ-related mechanism appears to reflect large-scale atmospheric rearrangements over the tropical belt, with a pronounced Heinrich-Dansgaard/Oeschger signature. This observation is coherent with the Simulated tropical rainfall anomalies induced by a weakening of the Atlantic thermohaline circulation in modeling experiments. (C) 2009 University of Washington. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Rapid climate changes Hydrological cycle Tropical Pacific El-Nino/Southern Oscillation Intertropical Convergence Zone sea-surface temperature south china sea equatorial pacific millennial-scale thermohaline circulation planktonic-foraminifera glacial climate central-america rapid changes panama basin
Research affiliation: Kiel University
Refereed: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.yqres.2009.03.006
ISSN: 0033-5894
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2011 05:17
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2019 23:36
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/15799

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