Morphological evolution of gravel and sand extraction pits, Tromper Wiek, Baltic Sea.

Kubicki, A., Manso, F. and Diesing, M. (2007) Morphological evolution of gravel and sand extraction pits, Tromper Wiek, Baltic Sea. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 71 (3-4). pp. 647-656. DOI 10.1016/j.ecss.2006.09.011.

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Abstract

The growing demand for marine mineral resources introduces anthropogenic impacts in the coastal zone, among others also through aggregate dredging. Pits created by anchor hopper dredging may affect local sediment budgets, local hydrodynamics and biological habitats. In this study we investigate the processes and time-scales of pits refilling at two extraction sites over 6 years following cessation of dredging. We focused on the evolution of a single pit at a gravel extraction site and the development of a group of three pits located at a sand extraction site. In the case of the gravel pit, a series of six sonograph and two multibeam, surveys were evaluated. We observed a spatial expansion of the edge of the pit, decreasing availability of screened sand in the neighbourhood of the pit (a possible source of refilling), and a slowing down of the refilling process with time. At the sandy pit site a series of seven sonographs and two multibeam surveys were available. We observed a smoothing of the edges and larger mean refilling rates than in the gravel pit case. We conclude that the most effective method for monitoring of pit evolution is to make measurements every six months by simultaneously deploying sidescan sonar and multibeam devices. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: dredging effects monitoring physical regeneration western Baltic Sea marine aggregate extraction english-channel macrobenthos impact coast
Research affiliation: Kiel University
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.ecss.2006.09.011
ISSN: 0272-7714
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2012 05:59
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2012 03:56
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/15922

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