Assessing degradation rates of chlorinated ethylenes in column experiments with commercial iron materials used in permeable reactive barriers.

Ebert, M., Köber, R., Parbs, A., Plagentz, V., Schäfer, D. and Dahmke, A. (2006) Assessing degradation rates of chlorinated ethylenes in column experiments with commercial iron materials used in permeable reactive barriers. Environmental Science & Technology, 40 (6). pp. 2004-2010. DOI 10.1021/es051720e.

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Abstract

Multiple column experiments were performed using two commercial iron materials to evaluate the necessity and usefulness of preliminary investigations in permeable reactive barrier (PRB) design for chlorinated organics. Experiments were performed with contaminated groundwater and involved fresh iron granules or altered iron material excavated from PUS. The determination of first-order rate coefficients by global nonlinear least-squares fittings indicated a variability in rate coefficients on 1 or 2 orders of magnitude. Geometric mean values of surface area normalized rate coefficients (in 10(-5) L m(-2) h(-1)) for fresh gray cast iron and iron sponge, respectively, are: tetra chloroethene (4.5, 2.6), trichloroethene (8.1, 3.3), cis-1,2-dichloroethene (3.1, 2.9), trans-1,2-dichloroethene (9.5, 5.3), 1,1-dichloroethene (4.0, 4.4), and vinyl chloride (1.6, 6.1). The increasing rate coefficients with decreasing grade of chlorination, which characterize degradation at iron sponge are linearly related to diffusion coefficients in water, suggesting diffusion limitation in the degradation process for this particular material, possibly due to a high inner surface. The variability in rate coefficients seems to be too high to use mean rate coefficients from published studies in the design procedure of PRBs, and variabilities cannot be related to groundwater characteristics, water flow through the reactive cells, or secondary corrosion reactions.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: zero-valent iron long-term performance granular iron in-situ zerovalent iron rate constants cis-dce reduction kinetics dechlorination
Research affiliation: Kiel University
DOI etc.: 10.1021/es051720e
ISSN: 0013-936X
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2012 05:29
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2019 22:50
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/15986

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