A high-resolution sea-surface temperature record from the tropical South China Sea (16,500-3000 yr BP).

Steinke, Stephan, Kienast, M., Pflaumann, Uwe, Weinelt, Mara and Stattegger, K. (2001) A high-resolution sea-surface temperature record from the tropical South China Sea (16,500-3000 yr BP). Quaternary Research, 55 (3). pp. 352-362. DOI 10.1006/qres.2001.2235.

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Abstract

The timing and magnitude of sea-surface temperature (SST) changes in the tropical southern South China Sea (SCS) during the last 16,500 years have been reconstructed on a high-resolution, C-14-dated sediment core using three different foraminiferal transfer functions (SIMMAX28, RAM, FP-12E) and geochemical (U-37(k')) SST estimates. In agreement with CLIMAP reconstructions, both the FP-12E and the U-37(k') SST estimates show an average late glacial-interglacial SST difference of 2.0 degreesC, whereas the RAM and SIMMAX28 foraminiferal transfer functions show only a minor (0.6 degreesC) or no consistent late glacial-interglacial SST change, respectively. Both the U-37(k') and the FP-12E SST estimates, as well as the planktonic foraminiferal delta O-18 values, indicate an abrupt warming (ca. 1 degreesC in <200 yr) at the end of the last glaciation, synchronous (within dating uncertainties) with the Bolling transition as recorded in the Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 (GISP2) ice core, whereas the RAM-derived deglacial SST increase appears to lag during this event by ca. 500 yr, The similarity in abruptness and timing of the warming associated with the Bolling transition in Greenland and the southern SCS suggest a true synchrony of the Northern Hemisphere warming at the end of the last glaciation. In contrast to the foraminiferal transfer function estimates that do not indicate any consistent cooling associated with the Younger Dryas (YD) climate event in the tropical SCS, the U-37(k') SST estimates show a cooling of ca. 0.2-0.6 degreesC compared to the Bolling-Allerod period. These U-37(k') SST estimates from the southern SCS argue in favor of a Northern Hemisphere-wide, synchronous cooling during the YD period, (C) 2001 University of Washington.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: SST estimates planktonic foraminifera alkenones last deglaciation Younger Dryas South China Sea last deglaciation younger dryas monsoon climate planktonic-foraminifera late pleistocene western pacific age calibration atlantic-ocean cooling event ams facility
Research affiliation: Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1006/qres.2001.2235
ISSN: 0033-5894
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2012 07:31
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2013 16:07
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/16322

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