Two novel cyclodextrin-degrading enzymes isolated from thermophilic bacteria, have similar domain structures but different oligomeric states and activity profiles.

Turner, Pernilla, Labes, Antje, Fridjonsson, Olafur H, Hreggvidson, Gudmundur O, Schönheit, Peter, Kristjansson, Jakob K, Holst, Olle and Nordberg, Karlsson Eva (2005) Two novel cyclodextrin-degrading enzymes isolated from thermophilic bacteria, have similar domain structures but different oligomeric states and activity profiles. Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, 100 (4). pp. 380-390. DOI 10.1263/jbb.100.380.

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Abstract

In this paper, we present the expression and characterization of two novel enzymes from the α-amylase family exhibiting cyclomaltodextrinase specificity. The nucleotide sequences encoding the enzymes were isolated from the genomic DNA of two thermophilic bacterial strains originating from Icelandic hot springs and belonging to the genera Anoxybacillus (AfCda13) and Laceyella (LsCda13). The genes were amplified using a consensus primer strategy utilizing two of the four conserved regions present in glycoside hydrolase family 13. No identifiable signal peptides were present in open reading frames encoding the enzymes, indicating an intracellular location of both enzymes, and their physiological function to be intracellular cyclodextrin degradation. The domain structures of both enzymes were also similar, including an N-terminal domain, the catalytic module composed of the A- and B-domains, and a C-terminal domain. Despite the similarity in domain composition, the two enzymes displayed differences in the oligomeric state with AfCda13 being a dimeric protein, whereas LsCda13 was monomeric. The two enzymes also displayed significantly different activity profiles, despite being active on the same range of substrates. It was shown that the enzyme displaying the highest activity on cyclodextrin was dimeric (AfCda13). Moreover, a fraction of the dimeric enzyme could be converted to a monomeric state in the presence of KCl and this fraction retained only 23% of its activity on α-cyclodextrin while its activity on starch was not significantly affected, indicating that the oligomeric state is an important factor for a high activity on cyclodextrin substrates.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: cyclomaltodextrinase, glycoside hydrolase family 13, Anoxybacillus, Laceyella
Research affiliation: Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1263/jbb.100.380
ISSN: 1389-1723
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2008 16:51
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2018 09:51
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/168

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