Estimating recent growth in the cuttlefish Sepia officinalis: are nucleic acid-based indicators for growth and condition the method of choice?.

Melzner, Frank, Forsythe, J. W., Lee, P. G., Wood, J. W., Piatkowski, Uwe and Clemmesen, Catriona (2005) Estimating recent growth in the cuttlefish Sepia officinalis: are nucleic acid-based indicators for growth and condition the method of choice?. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 317 (1). pp. 37-51. DOI 10.1016/j.jembe.2004.11.011.

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Abstract

A laboratory calibration study was undertaken with juvenile Sepia officinalis (80–85 g initial wet weight) to investigate the effects of different food rations and different starving intervals on RNA/dry weight (DW) ratios and RNA/DNA ratios in cephalopod mantle muscle at two different temperatures. The digestive gland index was also used as an additional indicator of recent growth. High food rations and low temperature went along with high RNA/DW ratios and high RNA/DNA ratios. Starving resulted in a linear decline in growth performance and a concomitant decrease in RNA/DW and RNA/DNA ratio, with RNA/DNA ratios representing the growth data better. RNA/DNA ratios decreased faster at higher temperatures. A fluorimetric assay for nucleic acid analysis was optimized for cephalopod mantle tissues and yielded reproducible RNA/DNA ratios with a relative variance below 10%. Thus, it may be possible to use this estimator of recently encountered feeding regime for the evaluation of mortality rates of early teuthid paralarvae to eventually support stock management. Also, log relative digestive gland weight showed a strong relationship with starving time, but, surprisingly, not with temperature. Data from the two temperatures analyzed could be combined to form a common regression line of relative digestive gland index with starving time. This indicator for recent growth might be especially suitable for large specimens with a well-developed digestive gland.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: RNA/DNA; Sepia officinalis; Growth
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EV Marine Evolutionary Ecology
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-JRG-A1 Ocean Acidification
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.jembe.2004.11.011
ISSN: 0022-0981
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2009 11:11
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2018 11:58
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/1889

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