Verification of harmful subsoil compaction in loess soils.

Zink, A., Fleige, H. and Horn, R. (2011) Verification of harmful subsoil compaction in loess soils. Soil & Tillage Research, 114 (2). pp. 127-134. DOI 10.1016/j.still.2011.04.004.

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Abstract

A Compaction Verification Tool (CVT) is presented to detect harmful subsoil compaction based on critical values of soil functions saturated hydraulic conductivity K(s) = 10 cm x d(-1) and air capacity (-60 hPa), AC(60) = 5 vol% to provide a soil protection tool for legislative purposes. Harmful subsoil compaction is defined as follows: if these two soil functions fall below their defined critical value (degradation class IV) and if the percentage of measured values achieves 10 to <25%, the soil is classified as "assumed harmful compacted". If the percentage is >25%, then the soil is classified as "verified harmful compacted". The concept is tested using Luvisols derived from loess. Single and multiple dynamic loadings were applied at field capacity using a tractor-pulled single wheel load frame with three loads (3.3, 6.3, and 7.5 Mg). Unloaded reference profiles and loaded ruts of experimental plots were analysed, horizon specifically, using undisturbed soil samples to detect changes in K(s) and AC(60) in the top- and subsoil. According to CVT, harmful subsoil compaction could be only determined for the 6.3 Mg load (13%, "assumed") and for the 7.5 Mg load (52%, "verified") at the 40 cm depth for the multiple wheel passes. However, significant load-dependent reduction of AC(60) could be detected down to 60 cm (E- and Bt-horizon) for the 6.3 and 7.5 Mg loads, and for K(s) down to 40 cm (E-horizon).(C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Soil compaction Wheeling experiment Saturated hydraulic conductivity Air capacity Luvisols Compaction Verification Tool physical-properties field experiments water content plant-growth arable soils stress tillage germany vulnerability penetration
Research affiliation: ?? agrar ??
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.still.2011.04.004
ISSN: 0167-1987
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2012 05:03
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2013 10:04
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/19049

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