Losers and winners in coral reefs acclimatized to elevated carbon dioxide concentrations

Fabricius, Katharina E., Langdon, Chris, Uthicke, Sven, Humphrey, Craig, Noonan, Sam, De’ath, Glenn, Okazaki, Remy, Muehllehner, Nancy, Glas, Martin S. and Lough, Janice M. (2011) Losers and winners in coral reefs acclimatized to elevated carbon dioxide concentrations Nature Climate Change, 1 (3). pp. 165-169. DOI 10.1038/nclimate1122.

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Abstract

Experiments have shown that ocean acidification due to rising atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations has deleterious effects on the performance of many marine organisms(1-4). However, few empirical or modelling studies have addressed the long-term consequences of ocean acidification for marine ecosystems(5-7). Here we show that as pH declines from 8.1 to 7.8 (the change expected if atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations increase from 390 to 750 ppm, consistent with some scenarios for the end of this century) some organisms benefit, but many more lose out. We investigated coral reefs, seagrasses and sediments that are acclimatized to low pH at three cool and shallow volcanic carbon dioxide seeps in Papua New Guinea. At reduced pH, we observed reductions in coral diversity, recruitment and abundances of structurally complex framework builders, and shifts in competitive interactions between taxa. However, coral cover remained constant between pH 8.1 and similar to 7.8, because massive Porites corals established dominance over structural corals, despite low rates of calcification. Reef development ceased below pH 7.7. Our empirical data from this unique field setting confirm model predictions that ocean acidification, together with temperature stress, will probably lead to severely reduced diversity, structural complexity and resilience Of Indo-Pacific coral reefs within this century

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000293718300020
Keywords: Ecology; impacts; oceanography; EASTERN TROPICAL PACIFIC; OCEAN ACIDIFICATION; HIGH-CO2 WORLD; CALCIFICATION; ORGANISMS; IMPACT; CO2
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1038/nclimate1122
ISSN: 1758-678X
Related URLs:
Projects: BIOACID
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2012 13:35
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2012 13:35
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/19107

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