Impacts of temperature and acidification on larval calcium incorporation of the spider crab Hyas araneus from different latitudes (54° vs. 79°N)
Walther, Kathleen, Sartoris, Franz J. and Pörtner, Hans-Otto (2011) Impacts of temperature and acidification on larval calcium incorporation of the spider crab Hyas araneus from different latitudes (54° vs. 79°N) Marine Biology, 158 (9). pp. 2043-2053. DOI 10.1007/s00227-011-1711-x.
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The combined effects of ocean warming and acidification were compared in larvae from two populations of the cold-eurythermal spider crab Hyas araneus, from one of its southernmost populations (around Helgoland, southern North Sea, 54A degrees N, habitat temperature 3-18A degrees C; collection: January 2008, hatch: January-February 2008) and from one of its northernmost populations (Svalbard, North Atlantic, 79A degrees N, habitat temperature 0-6A degrees C; collection: July 2008, hatch: February-April 2009). Larvae were exposed to temperatures of 3, 9 and 15A degrees C combined with present-day normocapnic (380 ppm CO(2)) and projected future CO(2) concentrations (710 and 3,000 ppm CO(2)). Calcium content of whole larvae was measured in freshly hatched Zoea I and after 3, 7 and 14 days during the Megalopa stage. Significant differences between Helgoland and Svalbard Megalopae were observed at all investigated temperatures and CO(2) conditions. Under 380 ppm CO(2), the calcium content increased with rising temperature and age of the larvae. At 3 and 9A degrees C, Helgoland Megalopae accumulated more calcium than Svalbard Megalopae. Elevated CO(2) levels, especially 3,000 ppm, caused a reduction in larval calcium contents at 3 and 9A degrees C in both populations. This effect set in early, at 710 ppm CO(2) only in Svalbard Megalopae at 9A degrees C. Furthermore, at 3 and 9A degrees C Megalopae from Helgoland replenished their calcium content to normocapnic levels and more rapidly than Svalbard Megalopae. However, Svalbard Megalopae displayed higher calcium contents under 3,000 ppm CO(2) at 15A degrees C. The findings of a lower capacity for calcium incorporation in crab larvae living at the cold end of their distribution range suggests that they might be more sensitive to ocean acidification than those in temperate regions.
|Keywords:||CO2-DRIVEN OCEAN ACIDIFICATION; CALLINECTES-SAPIDUS; BLUE-CRAB; HYPERCAPNIC ACIDOSIS; CARCINUS-MAENAS; SCYLLA-SERRATA; CARBONIC-ACID; CALCIFICATION; CUTICLE; WATER|
|Date Deposited:||13 Nov 2012 13:51|
|Last Modified:||19 Sep 2013 07:41|
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