Cephalopod International Advisory Council (CIAC): 30 years in the service of cephalopod research (1981-2011).

Piatkowski, Uwe (2011) Cephalopod International Advisory Council (CIAC): 30 years in the service of cephalopod research (1981-2011). Open Access Journal of Shellfish Research, 30 (3). p. 1017. DOI 10.2983/035.030.0342.

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Abstract

The influence of elevated seawater pCO2 on statolith calcification and prey capture was investigated in the early life stages of the
common cuttlefish, Sepia officinalis. Cuttlefish were reared at 15�C and 35 psu in a flow-through seawater system under three pCO2
conditions, 700 matm (control), 1400 matm, and 4000 matm during 63 days in June to August 2009. Both, embryonic and hatchling cuttlefish raised under 4000 matm showed significantly reduced statolith calcification, whereas those grown under control and 1400 matm did not. Reduced calcification was demonstrated by comparing 18 transects characterizing the anterior surface of the statoliths. The statolith morphometrics that showed the most
remarkable changes between the different pCO2 conditions were total statolith length, rostrum transects, wing area and statolith weight. Statolith microstructure was significantly affected by irregularly arranged statoconia, which were typical in the statolith wing area, replacing the highly compact and well-arranged crystals in normal growing statoliths. This abnormal crystal structure can have profound effects on statolith density and consequently on its normal functioning as a tool for buoyancy, acceleration and movement. Changes in statolith morphology and microstructure may influence the prey capture efficiency of the early life cuttlefish. At 4000 matm they showed a reduced ability to capture prey and were not able to successfully launch attacks against prey organisms. In order to verify these observations, a second experiment was conducted over 85 days in May to August 2010. Preliminary
results showed that statolith morphology and microstructure differed again in the 4000 matm group. On the other hand, prey capture ability of the hatchlings showed recovery during the
experiment, indicating a possible acclimation.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000299138700096 Meeting abstract: Abstracts of Contributions Presented at EuroCeph 2011 “Cephalopod Biology Research in the 21st Century—A European Perspective”
Keywords: Ichthyology
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EV Marine Evolutionary Ecology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.2983/035.030.0342
ISSN: 0730-8000
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2012 10:15
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2017 08:26
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/19423

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