The Pliocene closure fo the Central American Seaway : reconstructing surface-, intermediate- and deep-water connections.

Osborne, Anne , Frank, Martin and Tiedemann, Ralf (2012) The Pliocene closure fo the Central American Seaway : reconstructing surface-, intermediate- and deep-water connections. [Talk] In: 22. V. M. Goldtschmidt Conference 2012, Earth in Evolution. , 28.06.2012, Montréal, Québec, Canada .

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Timing of Gateway Closure
The shoaling of the Isthmus of Panama and the associated reorganisation of deep-ocean circulation have been controversially reported as contributing to both a warming and a cooling of global climate. A resulting increase in moisture supply to the northern hemisphere, through the initiation or strengthening of the Gulf Stream, may have been an important precondition for Northern Hemisphere Glaciation. A robust timeframe for the closure of this major ocean gateway is essential for understanding its direct and indirect effects on global climate.

We use radiogenic isotopes of Nd and Pb to reconstruct the history of shallow, intermediate and deep water connections between the Caribbean Sea and the eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean from 5.0 to 2.0 million years ago. Surface water exchange is characterised using the Nd isotope composition of planktonic foraminiferal calcite. The Nd and Pb isotope compositions of early diagenetic ferromanganese coatings of the same sediment samples are employed to reconstruct intermediate and deep water exchange.

Results and Conclusion
Our results indicate that Caribbean Intermediate Water continued to diverge from a relatively constant Pacific deepwater Nd composition from 5.0 to 2.0 Ma. Comparison with published stable isotope and Mg/Ca records from the same ODP Sites 999, 1000 and 1241 suggest that Caribbean Intermediate Water composition continued to change even after a decrease in surface water exchange with the Pacific (4.5 Ma onwards [1]). A more rapid restriction of mixing between the Pacific and Caribbean at intermediate depths from 4 to 3.5 Ma clearly preceeded the major increase in ice-rafted-debris north of Iceland [2].

[1] Groeneveld et al. (2008) G3 9, Q01P23.
[2] Jansen et al. (2000) Paleoceanography 15, 709-721.

Document Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Talk)
Keywords: Palaeoceanography; Central American Seaway; Pliocene
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Open Access Journal?: Yes
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Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2012 13:18
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2016 09:17

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