Influence of diagenesis on the stable isotopic composition of biogenic carbonates from the Gulf of Tehuantepec oxygen minimum zone.

Blanchet, Cécile L., Kasten, S., Vidal, L., Poulton, S. W., Ganeshram, R. and Thouveny, N. (2012) Influence of diagenesis on the stable isotopic composition of biogenic carbonates from the Gulf of Tehuantepec oxygen minimum zone. Open Access Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 13 (4). Q04003. DOI 10.1029/2011GC003800.

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Abstract

In order to evaluate the influence of diagenetic and post-sampling processes on the stable oxygen and carbon isotope compositions of biogenic carbonates, we conducted a multiproxy study of organic-rich sediments from the eastern Pacific oxygen minimum zone. Core MD02-2520, which was retrieved from the Gulf of Tehuantepec (Mexico), has seasonal laminations and covers the last 40 kyr. Together with the presence of gypsum crystals and inorganic calcite aggregates, the occurrence of large excursions in the stable
oxygen and carbon isotope records of both planktonic and benthic foraminifera (as large as +3‰ in d18O and -5‰ in d13C) point to significant secondary transformations. Storage-related gypsum precipitation was ruled out since it implies sulfide reoxidation by oxygen that triggers biogenic calcite dissolution, which
proved to be of minor importance here. Instead, precipitation of authigenic calcite during early diagenesis appears to be the most likely process responsible for the observed isotopic excursions. The d13C composition for inorganic calcite aggregates (-5 to -7‰) suggests a major contribution from anaerobic oxidation of organic matter. The d34S composition for gypsum crystals (-10 to +15‰) suggests a major contribution from anaerobic reoxidation of authigenic sulfides, potentially involving reactions with metal oxides and sulfur disproportionation. A minor part of the gypsum might possibly have formed as a result of local pore water salinity increases induced by gas hydrate formation.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: diagenesis; gypsum; inorganic calcite; laminations; oxygen minimum zone; sulfur reoxidation
Research affiliation: AWI
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1029/2011GC003800
ISSN: 1525-2027
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2013 10:40
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2019 07:36
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/19920

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