Preliminary study on flg22-induced defense responses in female gametophytes of Saccharina japonica (Phaeophyta).

Wang, Shasha, Zhao, Fengyang, Wei, Xiaojiao, Lu, Bojun, Duan, Delin and Wang, Gaoge (2013) Preliminary study on flg22-induced defense responses in female gametophytes of Saccharina japonica (Phaeophyta). Journal of Applied Phycology, 25 (4). pp. 1215-1223. DOI 10.1007/s10811-012-9911-4.

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Abstract

Flg22, which is the most conserved 22-amino acid peptide in the N-terminal part of flagellin, functions as an effective elicitor in higher plants. Marine algae and higher plants share some conserved characteristics on defense response pathways. Flg22-induced defense responses were investigated in female gametophytes of Saccharina japonica. Condensation of chloroplasts and thickened cell walls, as well as relatively stable structures of mitochondria and nucleus indicated that there were hypersensitive programmed cell death occurred after induction by flg22. By using luminol-dependent luminescence detection method, rapid release of H2O2 was detected in the induced female gametophytes and reached a peak concentration of about 46 μM at 2 h. Reactive oxygen species production was also observed histologically using the fluorescent dye 2′,7′-dichlorofluorescein diacetate, showing a consistent result with quantitative analysis of H2O2. Furthermore, results of antioxidant enzyme activities indicated that there was a trend in the order of catalase > superoxide dismutase > glutathione peroxidase. Finally, high level phenol content of cell-free extracts was found after flg22 induction. According to our results, flg22 could be an effective elicitor which could induce defense responses in female gametophytes of S. japonica.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Defense response; Elicitor; Female gametophyte; flg22; Saccharina japonica; Phaeophyta
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1007/s10811-012-9911-4
ISSN: 0921-8971
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2013 12:36
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2017 08:48
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/21159

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