Evaluation of oxygen isotope and Sr/Ca ratios from a Maldivian Scleractinian coral for reconstruction of climate variability in the NW Indian Ocean.

Storz, D., Gischler, E., Fiebig, J., Eisenhauer, Anton and Garbe-Schönberg, Dieter (2013) Evaluation of oxygen isotope and Sr/Ca ratios from a Maldivian Scleractinian coral for reconstruction of climate variability in the NW Indian Ocean. Palaios, 28 (1). pp. 42-55. DOI 10.2110/palo.2012.p12-034r.

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Abstract

Corals are important marine archives for high-resolution reconstructions of low-latitude climate variability in preinstrumental and historical periods. Herein, we present monthly-resolved records of delta O-18 and Sr/Ca for the 20th century (1917-2007) from a Porites lutea colony from the Maldives (northwestern Indian Ocean). Previous studies of annual mean extension rates of this coral revealed a distinct dependency of coral growth on variations of sea surface temperature (SST) and hydraulic energy, driven by El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and southwestern Indian monsoon forcing. This enables the investigation of coral delta O-18 and Sr/Ca ratios from the Maldives as archives of historical ENSO and Indian monsoon variability. Unlike other locations in the Indian Ocean, correlation of delta O-18 and SST is weak (r = -0.42; p < 0.001), suggesting interferences of SST and seawater delta O-18 at the location. These interferences probably caused significantly weaker interannual ENSO signatures in delta O-18 as evident in the extension rates of our coral and in geochemical proxies measured at other sites in the northwestern Indian Ocean. Sr/Ca ratios show bias by nontemperature effects, and were not used to estimate seawater delta O-18 and salinity. Strong decadal variability (10-14 years) in delta O-18, indicative of a Pacific ENSO signal, is not found in instrumental SST, and could be explained by variations in salinity. Interannual and decadal monsoon variability (6-7 yrs and 18-19 yrs), found in the extension rates, was not found in delta O-18, suggesting, in agreement with other studies, that geochemical coral proxy records from the northwestern Indian Ocean do not capture temporal variations of the Indian monsoon strength.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000317248200006
Keywords: SEA-SURFACE TEMPERATURE; SOUTH CHINA SEA; CHAGOS ARCHIPELAGO; ASIAN MONSOON; EL-NINO; PALEOTEMPERATURE PROXY; DELTA-O-18 RECORDS; SEAWATER STRONTIUM; MARINE CARBONATES; TROPICAL PACIFIC
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R09
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.2110/palo.2012.p12-034r
ISSN: 0883-1351
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 10 May 2013 06:04
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2018 09:08
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/21212

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