The effects of salinity and temperature on the development and survival of fish parasites.

Möller, Heino (1978) The effects of salinity and temperature on the development and survival of fish parasites. Journal of Fish Biology, 12 (4). pp. 311-323. DOI 10.1111/j.1095-8649.1978.tb04176.x.

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Abstract

In brackish water the variety of marine and freshwater parasite species is considerably reduced. The distribution in brackish water of most marine endoparasites is restricted by the salinity tolerance of their hosts, most of the parasite species are more tolerant than their hosts. The influence of salinity and temperature on nine species has been examined; first stage larvae of Contracaecum aduncum develop in 0-32‰ salinity; Cryptocotyle lingua proved to be infective at salinities down to 4‰. The greatest resistance was found in Anisakis larvae from herring Clupea harengus, which survived for more than half a year. Parasites in the fish intestines appear to be unaffected by changing water salinities, as the osmolarity in the intestines stays nearly constant. Marine ectoparasites (Acanthochondria depressa, Lepeophtheirus pectoralis) survive about three times longer than freshwater species (Piscicola geometra, Argulus foliaceus) when salinity is 16‰. High temperature increases the effects of adverse salinities on parasites. There is evidence that none of these ecto-parasitic species can develop within the range of 7-20‰ salinity.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: fish parasites; parasitology; fish biology
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EV Marine Evolutionary Ecology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.1978.tb04176.x
ISSN: 0022-1112
Date Deposited: 22 May 2013 05:49
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2017 09:55
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/21293

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