The influence of dietary β-glucan, PAMP exposure and Aeromonas salmonicida on apoptosis modulation in common carp (Cyprinus carpio).

Miest, Joanna J., Falco, A., Pionnier, N. P. M., Frost, P., Irnazarow, I., Williams, G. T. and Hoole, D. (2012) The influence of dietary β-glucan, PAMP exposure and Aeromonas salmonicida on apoptosis modulation in common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 33 (4). pp. 846-856. DOI 10.1016/j.fsi.2012.07.014.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

The association between beta-glucan (MacroGard (R)) supplemented feed and apoptosis in immune-related organs of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) was studied using fluorescence microscopy and real-time PCR. In addition the effect of Aeromonas salmonicida, LPS and Poly(I:C) injections on this relationship was evaluated. Whilst acridine orange staining revealed that apoptosis levels were independent of MacroGard (R) and LPS/Poly(1:C) administration or their combination, it was shown that injection with A. salmonicida increased the percentage of apoptotic cells irrespective of the feeding regime. It was apparent that in all the treatments gene expression profiles displayed organ and time dependency. For example no effect was observed at 7 days of MacroGard (R) administration while 25 days of feeding led to increased iNOS expression and differential up-regulation of anti- or pro-apoptotic genes depending on organ. This may indicate differences in NO sensitivity. MacroGard (R) also led to an elevation of pro- as well as anti-apoptotic genes in LPS or Poly(1:C) injected fish, while LPS/Poly(I:C) alone had little effect. A. salmonicida caused enhanced iNOS expression and it is possible that the type of apoptosis pathway induced is organ dependent as Caspase 9 is induced in mid-gut but not in pronephros. These results indicate that MacroGard (R) feeding alone or in combination with other pathogenic factors did not induce significant apoptosis in immune organs

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Apoptosis; Beta-glucan; PAMPs; Aeromonas salmonicida; Carp
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.fsi.2012.07.014
ISSN: 1050-4648
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2013 07:07
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2013 07:07
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/21513

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