Near-surface electromagnetic, rock magnetic, and geochemical fingerprinting of submarine freshwater seepage at Eckernförde Bay (SW Baltic Sea).

Müller, Hendrik, Dobeneck, Tilo, Nehmiz, Wiebke and Hamer, Kay (2011) Near-surface electromagnetic, rock magnetic, and geochemical fingerprinting of submarine freshwater seepage at Eckernförde Bay (SW Baltic Sea). Geo-Marine Letters, 31 (2). pp. 123-140. DOI 10.1007/s00367-010-0220-0.

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Abstract

Submarine groundwater discharge in coastal settings can massively modify the hydraulic and geochemical conditions of the seafloor. Resulting local anomalies in the morphology and physical properties of surface sediments are usually explored with seismo-acoustic imaging techniques. Controlled source electromagnetic imaging offers an innovative dual approach to seep characterization by its ability to detect pore-water electrical conductivity, hence salinity, as well as sediment magnetic susceptibility, hence preservation or diagenetic alteration of iron oxides. The newly developed electromagnetic (EM) profiler Neridis II successfully realized this concept for a first time with a high-resolution survey of freshwater seeps in Eckernforde Bay (SW Baltic Sea). We demonstrate that EM profiling, complemented and validated by acoustic as well as sample-based rock magnetic and geochemical methods, can create a crisp and revealing fingerprint image of freshwater seepage and related reductive alteration of near-surface sediments. Our findings imply that (1) freshwater penetrates the pore space of Holocene mud sediments by both diffuse and focused advection, (2) pockmarks are marked by focused freshwater seepage, underlying sand highs, reduced mud thickness, higher porosity, fining of grain size, and anoxic conditions, (3) depletion of Fe oxides, especially magnetite, is more pervasive within pockmarks due to higher concentrations of organic and sulfidic reaction partners, and (4) freshwater advection reduces sediment magnetic susceptibility by a combination of pore-water injection (dilution) and magnetite reduction (depletion). The conductivity vs. susceptibility biplot resolves subtle lateral litho- and hydrofacies variations.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000289524900005
Keywords: GROUNDWATER DISCHARGE; ENVIRONMENTAL MAGNETISM; GREIGITE FORMATION; MARINE-SEDIMENTS; EARLY DIAGENESIS; COASTAL ZONE; FLUID-FLOW; SIZE; SUSCEPTIBILITY; DISSOLUTION
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1007/s00367-010-0220-0
ISSN: 0276-0460
Projects: Boknis Eck
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2013 10:15
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2013 10:15
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/21579

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