Annual cycle of sedimentation in relation to plankton ecology in western Kiel Bight.

Smetacek, Victor (1980) Annual cycle of sedimentation in relation to plankton ecology in western Kiel Bight. Ophelia, Suppl. 1 . pp. 65-76.

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Abstract

The annual cycle of sedimentation in Kiel Bight is described from data collected over 3 years with multisample sediment traps. Settling matter was collected from 2 depths (15 and 18 m) in a 20 m water column at 2-4 day intervals. The pattern of sedimentation was alike each year, although considerable differences in the quantity collected were present. Resuspended sediment and primary settling matter originating from the pelagic system (phytoplankton cells, detritus) were the main contributors to the particulate material collected by the traps. High sedimentation rates from November to March were due to resuspended sediment. The composition of this material differed from that of bulk surface sediment due to the selective effect of water movement during resuspension. Peaks in sedimentation of primary material were observed in spring and autumn when the pelagic food web is poorly developed. From May to August sedimentation rates were low although this is the period of high primary production with large standing stocks of plankton. Apparently, organic substance produced here is consumed within the pelagic food web, as herbivore and carnivore populations are well developed and turnover time of particles is short. Sedimentation rates of primary material are estimated to be in the range of 50-65 g C · m-2 · yr-', but in reality year to year differences are probably greater than indicated by this range.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:A1980LB82700007
Research affiliation: OceanRep > Institute for Marine Science Kiel
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
ISSN: 0078-5326
Projects: Boknis Eck
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2013 10:47
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2019 13:31
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/21587

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