Seismic rupture during the 1960 Great Chile and the 2010 Maule earthquakes limited by a giant Pleistocene submarine slope failure.

Geersen, Jacob M. , Völker, David, Behrmann, Jan H. , Kläschen, Dirk , Weinrebe, Wilhelm, Krastel, Sebastian and Reichert, Christian (2013) Seismic rupture during the 1960 Great Chile and the 2010 Maule earthquakes limited by a giant Pleistocene submarine slope failure. Terra Nova, 25 . pp. 472-477. DOI 10.1111/ter.12060.

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Abstract

Determining factors that limit coseismic rupture is important to evaluate the hazard of powerful subduction zone earthquakes such as the 2011 Tohoku-Oki event (Mw = 9.0). In 1960 (Mw = 9.5) and 2010 (Mw = 8.8), Chile was hit by such powerful earthquakes, the boundary of which was the site of a giant submarine slope failure with chaotic debris subducted to seismogenic zone depth. Here, a continuous décollement is absent, whereas away from the slope failure, a continuous décollement is seismically imaged. We infer that underthrusting of inhomogeneous slide deposits prevents the development of a décollement, and thus the formation of a thin continuous slip zone necessary for earthquake rupture propagation. Thus, coseismic rupture during the 1960 and 2010 earthquakes seems to be limited by underthrusted upper plate mass-wasting deposits. More generally, our results suggest that upper plate dynamics and resulting surface processes can play a key role for determining rupture size of subduction zone earthquakes

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000326180500007
Keywords: seismicity, seismic segmentation, subduction earthquakes, rupture barrier, submarine landslide, seismic interface
Research affiliation: OceanRep > SFB 574
Kiel University
Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > SFB 574 > A1
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R06
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1111/ter.12060
ISSN: 0954-4879
Projects: SFB574, Future Ocean
Contribution Number:
ProjectNumber
SFB 574239
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2013 13:10
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2019 20:28
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/21852

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