Higher yields of cyclodepsipetides from Scopulariopsis brevicaulis by random mutagenesis .

Paun, Linda, Kramer, Annemarie, Hihlal, ElKbir, Labes, Antje, Imhoff, Johannes F. and Kempken, Frank (2013) Higher yields of cyclodepsipetides from Scopulariopsis brevicaulis by random mutagenesis . [Poster] In: 27. Fungal Genetics Conference. , 12.-17.03.2013, Pacific Grove, California, USA .

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Abstract

The ascomycete Scopulariopsis brevicaulis, which was isolated from the marine sponge
Tethya aurantium, produces two cyclodepsipeptides, scopularides A and B [1]. Both peptides
exhibit activity against several tumor cell lines. Within the EU-project MARINE FUNGI (EU
FP7, 265926) one of our aims is to enhance the production of these secondary metabolites.
We are in the process to establish two ways of random mutagenesis by both UV radiation
and transposon-mediated. To this end we created UV-mutants and a miniaturised screening
method was developed. UV-radiation was performed at 312 nm and the survival rate was set
to 1 %. With this method a mutant library was established. To screen these mutants for
higher secondary metabolites production, we developed a miniaturised screening method
which includes decreased cultivation volume, fast extraction and an optimised LC-MS
analysis format. Using the UV mutagenesis, we were able to identify several mutants with a
higher scopularide production in comparison to the wild type. One of these mutants, which
produces three times more biomass and more than double the amount of scopularide A, has
been used for another round of mutation. Next generation sequencing is being employed to
identify the molecular genetic basis of the observed mutations. In parallel we employ
transposable elements to introduce mutants [2]. The impact of transposons on gene
expression as well as their ability to cause major mutations within the genome or single
genes makes them an interesting tool for random mutagenesis [3, 4, 5]. We employ the
Vader transposon in its homologous host and found that Vader mostly integrates within or
very close to genes. Thus it appears to be a useful tool for transposon-mediated
mutagenesis in A. niger (6). At current we try to enhance its usability by modifying the Vader
element.

Document Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-MI Marine Microbiology
OceanRep > GEOMAR > Applied R&D > Centre for Marine Substances (KiWiZ)
Kiel University
Projects: Marine Fungi, KIWIZ
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2013 11:01
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2013 12:23
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/22016

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