Phenotypic plasticity of coralline algae in a High CO2world

Ragazzola, Federica, Foster, Laura C., Form, Armin U., Büscher, Janina, Hansteen, Thor H. and Fietzke, Jan (2013) Phenotypic plasticity of coralline algae in a High CO2world Ecology and Evolution, 3 (10). pp. 3436-3446. DOI 10.1002/ece3.723.

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Abstract

It is important to understand how marine calcifying organisms may acclimatize to ocean acidification to assess their survival over the coming century. We cultured the cold water coralline algae, Lithothamnion glaciale, under elevated pCO2 (408, 566, 770, and 1024 μatm) for 10 months. The results show that the cell (inter and intra) wall thickness is maintained, but there is a reduction in growth rate (linear extension) at all elevated pCO2. Furthermore a decrease in Mg content at the two highest CO2 treatments was observed. Comparison between our data and that at 3 months from the same long-term experiment shows that the acclimation differs over time since at 3 months, the samples cultured under high pCO2 showed a reduction in the cell (inter and intra) wall thickness but a maintained growth rate. This suggests a reallocation of the energy budget between 3 and 10 months and highlights the high degree plasticity that is present. This might provide a selective advantage in future high CO2 world.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000324932600020
Keywords: Climate change; coralline algae; long-term experiments; ocean acidification
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BI Biological Oceanography
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1002/ece3.723
ISSN: 2045-7758
Projects: BIOACID
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2013 12:30
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2013 15:17
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/22041

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