The δ44Ca-temperature calibration on fossil and cultured Globigerinoides sacculifer: New tool for reconstruction of past sea surface temperatures.

Nägler, T. F., Eisenhauer, Anton , Müller, Anja, Hemleben, C. and Kramers, J. (2000) The δ44Ca-temperature calibration on fossil and cultured Globigerinoides sacculifer: New tool for reconstruction of past sea surface temperatures. Open Access Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 1 (2000GC000091). DOI 10.1029/2000GC000091.

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Abstract

We report direct δ44Ca-temperature calibration on cultured and fossil calcite foraminifera, showing that Ca isotopes are potentially a new proxy for past sea surface temperatures (SST). Samples have been analyzed using a 43Ca-48Ca double spike and thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS). In order to avoid species-dependent isotope fractionation we focused our investigations on a single foraminifera species (Globigerinoides sacculifer), which is known to inhabit shallow euphotic waters in tropical and subtropical oceans. Ca isotope measurements were performed on cultured G. sacculifer that grew in seawater kept at temperatures of 19.5°, 26.5°, and 29.5°C. A δ44Ca change of 0.24 ± 0.02 per 1°C is defined by the weighted linear regression through reproduced δ44Ca data of the three temperatures (95% confidence level). Application of this new method to fossil G. sacculifer of an Equatorial East Atlantic sediment core (GeoB1112; 5°46.7′S, 10°45.0′W, 3125 m) indicates that the δ44Ca difference between marine isotope stage 1 (MIS-1) and MIS-2 is 0.71 ± 0.24. According to the current δ44Ca-temperature calibration this value corresponds to a temperature difference between MIS-1 and MIS-2 of ∼3.0 ± 1.0°C.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Isotopes; calcium; sea surface temperature;sacculifer; Mg/Ca; Quaternary
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1029/2000GC000091
ISSN: 1525-2027
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:24
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2018 13:12
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/2205

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