Fluid flow through active mud dome Mound Culebra offshore Nicoya Peninsula, Costa Rica: evidence from heat flow surveying.

Grevemeyer, Ingo, Kopf, A. J., Fekete, Noemi, Kaul, N., Villinger, H. W., Heesemann, M., Wallmann, Klaus, Spieß, V., Gennerich, H.-H., Müller, Mario and Weinrebe, Reimer Wilhelm (2004) Fluid flow through active mud dome Mound Culebra offshore Nicoya Peninsula, Costa Rica: evidence from heat flow surveying. Marine Geology, 207 . pp. 145-157. DOI 10.1016/j.margeo.2004.04.002.

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Abstract

Mud extrusion is frequently observed as a dewatering phenomenon in compressional tectonic settings such as subduction zones. Along the Middle American Trench, several of these features have been recently discovered. This paper presents a heat flow study of actively venting Mound Culebra, offshore Nicoya Peninsula, and is complemented by data from geophysical surveys and coring. The mud diapir is characterised by methane emission and authigenic carbonate formation at its crest, and is composed of overconsolidated scaly clays and clast-bearing muds. Compared with the conductive background heat flow, the flux through the mud dome is elevated by 10–20 mW/m2, possibly related to advection of heat by fluids rising from greater depth. Decreased chlorinity in the pore waters from gravity cores may support a deep-seated fluid origin. Geothermal measurements across the mound and temperature measurements made with outriggers on gravity corers were corrected for the effects of thermal refraction, forced by the topography of the mound. Corrected values roughly correlate with the topography, suggesting advection of heat by fluids rising through the mound, thereby generating the prominent methane anomaly over the dome and nurturing vent biota. However, elevated values occur also to the southeast of the mound. We believe that the overconsolidated clays and carbonates on the crest form an almost impermeable lid. Fluids rising from depth underneath the dome are therefore partially channelled towards the flanks of the mound.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: heat flow, dewatering, fluid flow, mud diapir, subduction zone, Costa Rica
Research affiliation: OceanRep > SFB 574 > A3
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
OceanRep > SFB 574 > B2
OceanRep > SFB 574 > A1
OceanRep > SFB 574
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-PO Physical Oceanography
OceanRep > SFB 574 > A2
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.margeo.2004.04.002
ISSN: 0025-3227
Projects: SFB574
Contribution Number:
ProjectNumber
SFB 57445
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2008 16:52
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2017 12:24
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/222

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