Interlaboratory study for coral Sr/Ca and other element/Ca ratio measurements.

Hathorne, Ed C. , Gagnon, Alex, Felis, Thomas, Adkins, Jess, Asami, Ryuji, Boer, Wim, Caillon, Nicolas, Case, David, Cobb, Kim M., Douville, Eric, deMenocal, Peter, Eisenhauer, Anton , Garbe-Schönberg, Dieter, Geibert, Walter, Goldstein, Steven, Hughen, Konrad, Inoue, Mayuri, Kawahata, Hodaka, Kölling, Martin, Cornec, Florence L., Linsley, Braddock K., McGregor, Helen V., Montagna, Paolo, Nurhati, Intan S., Quinn, Terrence M., Raddatz, Jacek, Rebaubier, Hélène, Robinson, Laura, Sadekov, Aleksey, Sherrell, Rob, Sinclair, Dan, Tudhope, Alexander W., Wei, Gangjian, Wong, Henri, Wu, Henry C. and You, Chen-Feng (2013) Interlaboratory study for coral Sr/Ca and other element/Ca ratio measurements. Open Access Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 14 (9). pp. 3730-3750. DOI 10.1002/ggge.20230.

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Abstract

The Sr/Ca ratio of coral aragonite is used to reconstruct past sea surface temperature (SST). Twentyone
laboratories took part in an interlaboratory study of coral Sr/Ca measurements. Results show
interlaboratory bias can be significant, and in the extreme case could result in a range in SST estimates of
7°C. However, most of the data fall within a narrower range and the Porites coral reference material JCp-
1 is now characterized well enough to have a certified Sr/Ca value of 8.838 mmol/mol with an expanded
uncertainty of 0.089 mmol/mol following International Association of Geoanalysts (IAG) guidelines.
This uncertainty, at the 95% confidence level, equates to 1.5°C for SST estimates using Porites, so is
approaching fitness for purpose. The comparable median within laboratory error is <0.5°C. This
difference in uncertainties illustrates the interlaboratory bias component that should be reduced through
the use of reference materials like the JCp-1. There are many potential sources contributing to biases in
comparative methods but traces of Sr in Ca standards and uncertainties in reference solution composition
can account for half of the combined uncertainty. Consensus values that fulfil the requirements to be
certified values were also obtained for Mg/Ca in JCp-1 and for Sr/Ca and Mg/Ca ratios in the JCt-1 giant
clam reference material. Reference values with variable fitness for purpose have also been obtained for
Li/Ca, B/Ca, Ba/Ca, and U/Ca in both reference materials. In future, studies reporting coral element/Ca
data should also report the average value obtained for a reference material such as the JCp-1.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000326247700026
Keywords: coral Sr/Ca ratios
Research affiliation: Kiel University
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1002/ggge.20230
ISSN: 1525-2027
Projects: Excellence Cluster 'The Ocean in the Earth System'
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2013 14:08
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2018 10:49
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/22214

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