Contrasting geochemical cycling of hafnium and neodymium in the central Baltic Sea.

Chen, Tian-Yu, Stumpf, Roland, Frank, Martin , Bełdowski, Jacek and Staubwasser, Michael (2013) Contrasting geochemical cycling of hafnium and neodymium in the central Baltic Sea. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 123 . pp. 166-180. DOI 10.1016/j.gca.2013.09.011.

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Abstract

The central Baltic Sea is a marginal brackish basin which comprises anoxic bottom waters and is surrounded by geological source terrains with a wide variety of compositions and ages. This allows the investigation of water mass mixing using radiogenic isotope compositions of Nd and Hf as well as their geochemical cycling across varying redox conditions in the water column. In this study, we present the distribution of Nd and Hf concentrations and their isotopic compositions for 6 depth profiles and 3 surface water sites obtained during a cruise in the central Baltic Sea onboard the RV Oceania as a part of the international GEOTRACES program.

The results obtained indicate that Nd isotopes effectively trace the mixing between more radiogenic saline waters from the south and unradiogenic fresh waters from the north, which helps to understand the reliability of Nd isotopes as water mass tracer in the open ocean. In surface waters, Nd shows higher concentrations and less radiogenic isotope compositions at the northern stations, which are progressively diluted and become more radiogenic to the south, consistent with the counterclockwise circulation pattern of central Baltic Sea surface waters. In contrast to the variable Nd concentrations, Hf shows much less variability. At the Gotland Deep station, the Nd concentrations of the euxinic waters are higher by a factor >10 than those of the overlying oxygen-depleted waters, whereas Hf only shows small concentration variations. This indicates faster removal of Hf from the water column than Nd. Moreover, the dissolved Hf isotope signatures document great variability but no consistent mixing trends. Our explanation is that Hf has a lower residence time than Nd, and also that the Hf isotope signatures of the sources are highly heterogeneous, which is attributed to their differing magmatic and tectonic histories as well as incongruent post-glacial weathering around the central Baltic Sea.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000326871400011
Keywords: neodymium isotopes; hafnium isotopes; geochemical cycling; Baltic Sea; GEOTRACES; RV Oceania
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.gca.2013.09.011
ISSN: 0016-7037
Projects: GEOTRACES, COST
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2013 07:58
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2017 11:59
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/22218

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