A high-resolution, time-variable afterslip model for the 2010 Maule Mw = 8.8, Chile megathrust earthquake.

Bedford, Jonathan, Moreno, Marcos, Baez, Juan Carlos, Lange, Dietrich , Tilmann, Frederik, Rosenau, Matthias, Heidbach, Oliver, Oncken, Onno, Bartsch, Mitja, Rietbrock, Andreas, Tassara, Andrés, Bevis, Michael and Vigny, Christophe (2013) A high-resolution, time-variable afterslip model for the 2010 Maule Mw = 8.8, Chile megathrust earthquake. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 383 . pp. 26-36. DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2013.09.020.

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The excellent spatial coverage of continuous GPS stations in the region affected by the Maule Mw = 8.8 2010 earthquake, combined with the proximity of the coast to the seismogenic zone, allows us to model megathrust afterslip on the plate interface with unprecedented detail. We invert post-seismic observations from continuous GPS sites to derive a time-variable model of the first 420 d of afterslip. We also invert co-seismic GPS displacements to create a new co-seismic slip model. The afterslip pattern appears to be transient and non-stationary, with the cumulative afterslip pattern being formed from afterslip pulses. Changes in static stress on the plate interface from the co- and post-seismic slip cannot solely explain the aftershock patterns, suggesting that another process – perhaps fluid related – is controlling the lower magnitude aftershocks. We use aftershock data to quantify the seismic coupling distribution during the post-seismic phase. Comparison of the post-seismic behaviour to interseismic locking suggests that highly locked regions do not necessarily behave as rate-weakening in the post-seismic period. By comparing the inter-seismic locking, co-seismic slip, afterslip, and aftershocks we attempt to classify the heterogeneous frictional behaviour of the plate interface.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: subduction; post-seismic; megathrust; afterslip; GPS; Maule
Research affiliation: GFZ
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.epsl.2013.09.020
ISSN: 0012-821X
Projects: MARISCOS
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2013 13:30
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2017 13:40
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/22496

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