Phytoplankton summer bloom dynamics in the Bahía Blanca Estuary in relation to changing environmental conditions.

Guinder, Valeria A., Popovich, Cecilia A., Molinero, Juan Carlos and Marcovecchio, Jorge (2013) Phytoplankton summer bloom dynamics in the Bahía Blanca Estuary in relation to changing environmental conditions. Continental Shelf Research, 52 . pp. 150-158. DOI 10.1016/j.csr.2012.11.010.

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Abstract

We examined austral summer phytoplankton data (December–March) that cover the years 1978–2008 and compared with physico-chemical and meteorological variations in the Bahía Blanca Estuary, Argentina. During the years 1978–1982, 1992–1993 and 2006–2008, counts of phytoplankton abundance showed an increase in recent summers; from a mean value of 12×103 cells L−1 in 1978 to 2239×103 cells L−1 in 2008, while the chlorophyll concentration remained relatively constant (8.5±2.5 μg L−1, CV=27%) over the continuous time series (1978–2008). The rise in the ratio ‘cell abundance: chlorophyll concentration’ was linked to modifications in species composition, from dominance of phytoflagellates (10–20 μm) and relatively large diatoms (e.g., Cyclotella striata 25–38 μm, Paralia sulcata 15–70 μm, Cerataulina pelagica 18–30 μm, Thalassiosra hendeyi 27–52 μm) towards the dominance of the small (5–15 μm) centric diatom Thalassiosira minima, which reached >80% of the total phytoplankton abundance in summers 2006–2008. The Bahía Blanca Estuary has undergone climate modifications and increasing anthropogenic disturbances during the last three decades. In the early 1990s, regional climatic conditions revealed a significant shift. Additionally, dredging activities were initiated to allow the traffic of large ships, rising the levels of suspended sediments, and the invasive copepod Eurytemora americana was introduced via ballast waters into the estuary and has displaced the dominance of the native copepod Acartia tonsa towards summer periods. The examination of physico-chemical conditions of the estuary showed a trend to increase in the minima of water temperature and higher water turbidity, dissolved phosphate, nitrite and nitrate concentrations in the pelagic environment in recent summers. We discuss the potential effects of these changes and trophic interactions on the structure and composition of the phytoplankton summer blooms in this temperate and eutrophic estuary in the Southwestern Atlantic.

Highlights:
► We analyzed phytoplankton summer bloom dynamics in a temperate estuary during 1978–2008. ► Community structure and species composition has changed in recent summers. ► Hydroclimatic shift and anthropogenic disturbances have affected the physico-chemical conditions. ► We registered changes in water turbidity, temperature, nutrient concentrations and trophodynamics. ► We discuss the potential implications of phytoplankton restructuration in the pelagic food web.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Phytoplankton summer blooms; Physico-chemical modifications; Dredging activities; Resuspension; Trophic interactions; Temperate estuary
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-N Experimental Ecology - Food Webs
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.csr.2012.11.010
ISSN: 0278-4343
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2013 13:11
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2017 13:33
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/22671

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