Temperature Modulates Coccolithophorid Sensitivity of Growth, Photosynthesis and Calcification to Increasing Seawater pCO2

Sett, Scarlett, Bach, Lennart T., Schulz, Kai G., Koch-Klavsen, Signe, Lebrato, Mario and Riebesell, Ulf (2014) Temperature Modulates Coccolithophorid Sensitivity of Growth, Photosynthesis and Calcification to Increasing Seawater pCO2 PLoS ONE, 9 (2). e88308. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0088308.

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Abstract

Increasing atmospheric CO2 concentrations are expected to impact pelagic ecosystem functioning in the near future by
driving ocean warming and acidification. While numerous studies have investigated impacts of rising temperature and
seawater acidification on planktonic organisms separately, little is presently known on their combined effects. To test for
possible synergistic effects we exposed two coccolithophore species, Emiliania huxleyi and Gephyrocapsa oceanica, to a CO2
gradient ranging from ,0.5–250 mmol kg21 (i.e. ,20–6000 matm pCO2) at three different temperatures (i.e. 10, 15, 20uC for
E. huxleyi and 15, 20, 25uC for G. oceanica). Both species showed CO2-dependent optimum-curve responses for growth,
photosynthesis and calcification rates at all temperatures. Increased temperature generally enhanced growth and
production rates and modified sensitivities of metabolic processes to increasing CO2. CO2 optimum concentrations for
growth, calcification, and organic carbon fixation rates were only marginally influenced from low to intermediate
temperatures. However, there was a clear optimum shift towards higher CO2 concentrations from intermediate to high
temperatures in both species. Our results demonstrate that the CO2 concentration where optimum growth, calcification and
carbon fixation rates occur is modulated by temperature. Thus, the response of a coccolithophore strain to ocean
acidification at a given temperature can be negative, neutral or positive depending on that strain’s temperature optimum.
This emphasizes that the cellular responses of coccolithophores to ocean acidification can only be judged accurately when
interpreted in the proper eco-physiological context of a given strain or species. Addressing the synergistic effects of
changing carbonate chemistry and temperature is an essential step when assessing the success of coccolithophores in the
future ocean.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000330829200173
Keywords: EMILIANIA-HUXLEYI PRYMNESIOPHYCEAE; GEPHYROCAPSA-OCEANICA; PHYTOPLANKTON GROWTH; MARINE-PHYTOPLANKTON; CARBONATE CHEMISTRY; ORGANIC-CARBON; BERING-SEA; CO2; ATLANTIC; PLANKTON
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BM Biogeochemical Modeling
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BI Biological Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1371/journal.pone.0088308
ISSN: 1932-6203
Projects: BIOACID
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2014 09:06
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2014 12:10
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/23949

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