Genetic variation for improvement of winter-hardiness in sugar beet.

Kirchhoff, M., Jung, Christian and Kopisch-Obuch, F. (2012) Genetic variation for improvement of winter-hardiness in sugar beet. Sugar Industry-Zuckerindustrie, 137 (3). pp. 178-181.

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Abstract

The cultivation of sugar beet as an autumn sown crop requires an improvement of winter-hardiness. To assess the genetic variation of winter-hardiness 396 Beta vulgaris accessions in 8 environments in Germany and Belarus were evaluated. The results revealed significant differences of survival rates across accessions, B. vulgaris forms and environments. The observed winter-hardiness of the B. vulgaris gene pool is sufficient for the cultivation of autumn-sown sugar beet under mild, maritime winter conditions. However, for the cultivation of autumn-sown sugar beet under continental conditions an improvement of winter-hardiness is mandatory. On a short term scale, winter-hardiness of sugar beets can be improved by selection within sugar beets. On a long term scale winter-hardiness can be improved by introgression from pre-selected wild beets (Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima).

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: Univ Kiel, Inst Pflanzenbau & Pflanzenzuchtung, D-24118 Kiel, Germany. Kirchhoff, M (reprint author), Univ Kiel, Inst Pflanzenbau & Pflanzenzuchtung, Olshausenstr 40, D-24118 Kiel, Germany. f.kopisch@plantbreeding.uni-kiel.de
Keywords: Beta vulgaris winter hardiness winter sugar beet genetic variation beta
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0344-8657
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 14 May 2014 09:59
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2018 09:32
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/24059

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